What are the differences between “misinformation” and “disinformation”?

Misinformation and disinformation are two terms that are often used interchangeably in fake news research, but what do they mean and what is the difference between the two? This is a quick blog post to clarify the notions of misinformation, disinformation and fake news. The primary difference between mis- and dis- is intent to deceive. …

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Long Form: The Online Services That Support Fake News

IntroductionI was recently looking at a fake news article that didn’t have the date the article was published anywhere on the page. I learnt a quick tip a few months ago to remedy this – you view the source code of the page and find the date in there, it normally looks something like:<meta property="article:published_time" …

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Rumours, Racism and the Right in Chemnitz

Protesters and counter-protesters are currently facing off in the eastern German city of Chemnitz. Following the fatal stabbing of a man (and the non-fatal stabbing of two others) at a festival in the city by two men originating from Syria and Iraq, city-wide anti-immigrant protests and riots are taking place as far-right protesters clash with anti-fascist …

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Fact Check: Did Bath MP Wera Hobhouse claim “£7,456 expenses last year for vegan cheese”

SummaryThis claim is false and originates from a satirical article published on Facebook. This is backed up by the lack of evidence in Hobhouse's expenses information on the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority website and has been confirmed to be false by the office of  Wera Hobhouse MP. Full Fact Check ContextBrowsing through Facebook on Tuesday I saw …

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Disinformation Country Profile: Sweden

This week’s fake news profile is on Sweden. Misinformation is endemic in Sweden due to foreign state produced content and in recent years the Swedish security service have increased their efforts to stop its spread. In 2016, the Swedish security service Säkerhetspolisen (Säpo for short) published a report on Russian produced propaganda in Sweden. It …

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Disinformation Country Profile: Kenya

This week’s fake news profile is on Kenya. Since their independence in 1963, Kenya has had a complex media history and recent tumultuous political events combined with wide resentment of mainstream media sources make it an interesting case study for fake news. Kenya’s first media publication, The Standard, began publishing daily in 1902 and today …

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Disinformation Country Profile: Ukraine

This week’s fake news profile will be Ukraine. Following the Crimean annexation in 2014, fake news has flourished in Ukraine and it was in Ukraine that the term ‘fake news’ first started to gain traction. Similarly, Ukraine is still arguably the country most affected by fake news. NPR's Gregory Warner talks about Russia "testing fake …

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Disinformation Country Profile: India

This week's Fake News profile is on India. India's fake news problems mostly affect public rather than political life, making it an interesting case study and in April, India made headlines for banning fake news and then making a U-turn the day after due to wide backlash. On April 2nd this year, India’s Ministry of …

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Disinformation Country Profile: Italy

After the success of Lega Nord and Movimento 5 Stelle in Italy’s recent elections, this week’s fake news profile will be on Italy. Fake news thrives in countries experiencing political upheaval and Italy’s recent political events make it a perfect breeding ground for fake news. As with the US, fake news has always existed in …

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